Pathophysiology | BIO220 | Aspen University

 

Assignment:

  1. Complete the weekly Discussion questions requirement.
  2. In a 1000-word APA essay – Complete all three of the following SherPath case studies: 1. Cystitis, 2. Prostate Cancer, 3. Osteoarthritis.

 

Renal and Urologic Systems

Cystitis

approx 20 min

Ms. Vance, age 28 years, has noticed urgency, frequency, and dysuria recently, as well as an unusual odor to the urine. Urinalysis indicated a heavy concentration of Escherichia coli in the urine, some pus, and WBCs. Ms. T was prescribed antibiotics, which she took for the first few days. This seemed to give her relief, but she then stopped taking the medication. Within a few days, the symptoms returned, but she decided to “just live with it.”

Question 1

Explain why women are predisposed to cystitis.

Answers may vary.

Question 2

What preventive measures are important in reducing recurrence?

Answers may vary.

Question 3

Discuss other signs and symptoms that may indicate cystitis.

Answers may vary.

Question 4

What potential problems may she experience if she does not adhere to the treatment prescribed?

 

Reproductive System

Case Study: Prostate Cancer

approx 30 min

Mr. Rader, age 52 years, is undergoing a routine physical examination for his employer. During palpation of the prostate, the physician noted a hard nodule on the gland’s periphery. Lab tests revealed an elevated PSA level. The remainder of the examination did not reveal any other abnormalities.

Question 1

Using the information given, discuss the presentation of cancer of the prostate.

Answers may vary.

Question 2

Discuss the predisposing factors for prostate cancer and identify the high-risk groups.

Answers may vary.

Question 3

Discuss the variation in the growth and course of this type of cancer.

Answers may vary.

Question 4

Discuss how the decision to treat or not to treat is made early in the course of prostate cancer.

Answers may vary.

Question 5

If metastasis occurs, what additional manifestations will occur, and how will they be treated?

 

Musculoskeletal System

Case Study: Osteoarthritis

approx 30 min

Mr. Filstrup is a 38-year-old man in overall good health who has been complaining about an aching pain in his knees when working around the house and often when simply walking. He has noticed that his knees feel “hard” and tight. His history indicates that he has always been involved in athletics and was on the college football team, but recently family responsibilities and work have not made it easy for him to exercise.

Question 1

Relate Mr. Filstrup’s case history to the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis.

Answers may vary.

Question 2

How do anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics help Mr. Filstrup deal with this form of arthritis? Why is moderate, non–weight-bearing exercise recommended?

Answers may vary.

Question 3

What is the probable prognosis for Mr. Filstrup?

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